Write for Business - Blog

UpWrite Press understands the importance of writing skills in business: We're business people just like you. On this blog you'll find tips to improve your writing, along with topics of interest to our staff.

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    Understanding Grammar: Parts of Speech: Correlative Conjunctions

    Tuesday, July 06, 2010

    Correlative conjunctions are always used in pairs, linking items of equal weight.

    She decided to neither buy nor lease a new car.

    (From Write for Business, page 251, and Proofreader's Guide PDF, page 65)

    Understanding Grammar: Parts of Speech: Subordinating Conjunctions

    Thursday, July 01, 2010

    Subordinating conjunctions connect a dependent clause to an independent clause, completing the meaning of the dependent clause.

    If the trailer is still here tomorrow, it will be impounded. (The dependent clause If the trailer is still here tomorrow depends on the rest of the sentence to complete its meaning.)

    (From Write for Business, page 251, and Proofreader's Guide PDF, page 65)

    Understanding Grammar: Parts of Speech: Conjunction

    Tuesday, June 29, 2010

    A conjunction is the part of speech used to connect words, phrases, clauses, or sentences. Used properly, conjunctions can add continuity to your writing.

    Kinds of Conjunctions

    and, but, or, nor, for, yet, so
    either, or; neither, nor; not only, but (also);
    both, and; whether, or; though, yet
    as long as     
    as though
    in order that    
    provided that     
    so that

    (From Write for Business, page 251, and Proofreader's Guide PDF, page 65)

    Understanding Grammar: Parts of Speech: Preposition

    Thursday, June 24, 2010

    A preposition is a word (or word group) used in front of a noun or a pronoun to form a phrase that modifies some other word in the sentence.

    The paperwork has been piled onto the file cabinet. (The preposition onto begins a phrase that acts as an adverb modifying the verb has been piled.)

    Prepositional Phrase
    A prepositional phrase consists of a preposition, the object of that preposition, and the modifiers of the object.

    The flowers on the luncheon table are wilted. (preposition on, object table, and modifiers the and luncheon)
    Common Prepositions
    aboard    about    above    according to    across   
    across from    after    against    ahead of    along   
    alongside    alongside of    along with    amid    among   
    apart from    around    as    as for    aside from   
    at    away from    back of    because of    before   
    behind    below    beneath    beside    besides   
    between    beyond    by    by means of    concerning   
    considering    contrary to    despite    down    down from   
    due to    during    except    except for    excepting   
    for    from    from among    from between    from under   
    in    in addition to    in back of    in behalf of    in case of   
    in front of    in place of    in regard to    inside    inside of   
    in spite of    instead of    into    like    near   
    near to    notwithstanding    of    off    on   
    on account of    on behalf of    onto    on top of    opposite   
    out    out of    outside    outside of    over   
    over to    owing to    past    prior to    regarding   
    round    round about    save    since    subsequent to   
    together with    through    throughout    till    to   
    toward    under    underneath    unlike    until   
    unto    up    upon    up to    via   
    with    within    without   

    (From Write for Business, page 252, and Proofreader's Guide PDF, page 64)

    Understanding Grammar: Parts of Speech: Forms of Adverbs

    Tuesday, June 22, 2010

    Adverbs have three forms: positive, comparative, and superlative.

    The positive form describes an action without making any comparisons.

    This copier operates efficiently.

    The comparative form (-er, more, or less) compares the actions of two persons, places, things, or ideas.

    This copier operates more efficiently than the one downstairs.

    The superlative form (-est, most, or least) compares the actions of three or more persons, places, things, or ideas.

    This copier operates most efficiently of all the copiers in the building.

    Special Adverb Form: Conjunctive Adverbs
    A conjunctive adverb can both modify and connect words, phrases, and clauses. It can be used at the beginning, in the middle, or at the end of a sentence.

    Consequently, we believe the profit/earnings ratio will not meet our expectations. We do wish, however, to evaluate your stock again in six months. We will buy another stock instead.

    (From Write for Business, page 251, and Proofreader's Guide PDF, page 63)